In government, a political party is a group of individuals who have the common interest in common, whether it is on a national or local level, who field politicians to run for office and thus implement their agenda, and who generally field candidates in many different political parties to help them achieve their goal. Political parties are generally created by a state’s governing body and are then controlled by elected officials and/or county chairs who have been nominated by the party and then elected.
While each state has its own rules, it is common for there to be three basic groups which come together under a particular party to accomplish certain goals. These are the executive committee, the central committee, and the party’s slate of county and municipal delegates. Each of these committees has its own job to do, but in general the party must find a leader who can inspire the members to work toward one common goal.
An election of the leaders is held at the beginning of every four-year legislative session or whenever a new governor is elected. This is called a primary. A candidate needs to gather as many signatures from registered voters as possible. Then the voters have to vote in a party primary. In most states it is necessary that the person who gets the most votes actually win the election. Since the election is called for by a state’s governing body, the party that receives the most votes becomes the official party in the state and controls its political machinery and all the elected offices.
The next stage involves the election of different parties to various county and local offices. A different party wins each position, depending on how many votes it received. The party with the most votes usually wins the election to a county office, and if it receives the most seats in the legislature, it usually controls the state.
Once a state has a county office, it usually appoints a party’s slate of county and local delegates to the House and Senate, depending on how many seats each party has. When a governor is elected, the governorship is normally given to the party that won the most counties, and the party’s elected officials control the executive branch of the state.
Once a party has its elected officials in the legislature, it will oversee its different levels of the state government. As the party gains more influence over the government, it can make major decisions, although this is generally done through a commission, such as the governor, the attorney general, the speaker of the house, the secretary of the house, the treasurer, and so on down to the district attorney. and state courts. In many states, there is a separate party commission for a different area of government, such as education or taxes, while others may have a commission to oversee the government of a single industry.